Problemas del realismo – Georg Lukács El asalto a la razón. La trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler – Georg Lukács. by Lu ka qi; Georg Lukacs.; Wang jiu xing.;. Print book. Chinese El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo by György Lukács · El asalto a la razón . (). Introduccion General a la Historia de Derecho. Barcelona, Gedisa. LESSIG , , , , , LUKACS, Georg. (). El asalto a la razon.
|Country:||Central African Republic|
|Published (Last):||12 April 2006|
|PDF File Size:||2.93 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.10 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Are we entitled to interpret his individual aphorisms in a systematic context? Bentham was bound to grow dull because he was doggedly defending a capitalism that had already triumphed, and to do this he had to overlook the most significant social phenomena or distort beorg with the aid of rose-tinted spectacles. This content and method of Nietzschean philosophy were most intimately connected with his literary manner of expression, namely the aphorism. And all this passed for morality!
And it was by no means limited to the reactionary part of the intelligentsia. While on asaltoo upsurge, bourgeois philosophy had challenged the feudal absolutist system, and the interpretation of this challenge had occasioned its controversies over objectives, whereas the chief enemy now was the proletarian world-view.
Now if, from the Renaissance to the French Revolution, men were projecting as a model an image of the Greek polis that was full of such illusions, its nucleus was nonetheless made up of real evolutionary currents, the real evolutionary trends of a rising bourgeois society; hence of elements of its own social life and perspectives of its own concrete future.
Bismarck, however, being essentially a diplomat of the Bonapartist period, was only briefly carried beyond the narrow aims of a Prussian reactionary policy by the movement for German unity.
The third, similarly mythologized, Socrates portrait is a totally different matter. Hence in the epistemological field, too, he became the leading ideologist of the militant asatlo. Thus in the last resort, it boils down to the same method whether the ordinary apologists, out of a narrow optimism about capitalist evolution, are commending Darwin, or whether Nietzsche, as a result of the scepticism we have just indicated, is rejecting and attacking him.
The Destruction of Reason by Georg Lukacs
This, however, changed at once the subject and mode of expression of each and every reactionary philosophy. We have said good-bye to the hope that here a humble and contented kind of man, a Chinese type might form an emergent class: But the myth-form also results from the fact that Nietzsche, the leading philosopher of the imperialist reaction, did not live to see imperialism.
In The Will to Power he wrote: Nietzsche, however, was not lukaccs with tracing the good and true back to biological vital interests, thereby depriving them of all absolute, objective worth.
Nevertheless we do not believe that this observation contradicts the view we developed at the outset, the view that Nietzsche had a consistent system.
He subordinated all the principal contents of his thought to the needs of this battle; he always allowed these needs to dictate the content. The similarity to which Kaufmann draws attention is of a purely external, stylistic nature.
The Left saw the problem thus: A real history, of course, did not exist for Nietzsche any more than for Schopenhauer, yet his apologetics of asato imperialism take the form of a mythicizing of history.
We cannot take it as pure coincidence that his first work of this period, Human, All-Too-Humanappeared roughly half a year before the promulgation of the socialist ban. This tendency, already present in The Birth of Tragedygrew more pronounced in the second Untimely Consideration.
The pre-imperialist period energetically paved the way for this decline. No longer did he consider socialism to be an ally of liberalism and democracy, their consummation lukacz to radical extremes — in which guise he had previously opposed it along with the other two.
Die Zerstörung der Vernunft der Weg des Irrationalismus von Schelling Zu Hitler
Of course we can find many latecomers — especially in literature and art — for aasalto work this thesis by no means holds good we need only to mention Dickens and Keller, Courbet and Daumier. But at the same time, it had to preserve the vague religiosity that mattered to the survival of razno society.
His whole epistemology was for him just one weapon in the main battle against socialism. From it he drew such conclusions as these: With the battle of June and with the Paris Commune in particular, reactionary polemics underwent a radical change of direction. Admittedly the aristocratic bias of both had similar social foundations: The fact that the ideological spokesmen of the Hitler period continued this tradition, though linking it with Wagner idolatry, does not prove anything.
And very far-reaching conclusions have been drawn from the dedication with which Nietzsche prefaced his first edition on this occasion. Activism — of the counter-revolutionary variety — was more over gaining in significance for Nietzsche.
For Nietzsche, biology was one of the means of arguing and making concrete on quasi-scientific lines an essential element in his methodology. It stemmed from an essential similarity in epistemological orientation brought about through the new ideological needs asaltl the bourgeoisie. And unquestionably there is indeed a considerable difference.
Only out of the resulting chaos could his ideal arise: Hope is possible again! At the same time, the majority of the intellectuals had no inkling of the economic and social implications of a real socialist transformation. Once more the Prussian victory was his point of departure. The Enlightenment itself, under the illusion that it was establishing the empire of reason, had opposed the theology and the irrationalism of feudal traditions.
Now we are already on the verge of war: