download ketabeh andisheh eslami 2. Identifier AndishehEsslami2. Identifier-ark ark://t7tn27m5v. Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader Download and Install free and paid Android apps in Iran. Ali Lakza’i, “Saz va-karha-ye azadi dar andishe-ye ayatollah Beheshti,” Ulum-e Siyasi, 4, No. 13 (Spring Jomhuri-ye Eslami, 2 1 June Ghazali.

Author: Gumuro Tejas
Country: Bosnia & Herzegovina
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Environment
Published (Last): 28 December 2006
Pages: 101
PDF File Size: 7.47 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.16 Mb
ISBN: 819-5-42304-278-3
Downloads: 43427
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Akinorr

Andizheincome tax was legislated in Briton for the first time [6]. Utilization of natural resources such as mining, diving for voluble natural stones and treasures plays a significant role in imposition of tax. Tax must not leave adverse effects on economic activities for wealth production.

Combating stagnant capital and obstacles to economic creative activity is a factor present in the Islamic taxation system. Islam pursues two aims in economics simultaneously; growth and justice.

Andishe Ye Eslami Ye 1

The amount payable is negotiable. The Islamic religion pays close attention to zakat.

In ancient Persian Empire and Roman Empire too, various taxes were collected [4]. In the Islamic taxation system, there are elements that encourage investment.

Even at the times when Islamic state was not in place hence no external force was exercised on them, still they paid the tax due religiously. Therefore, it does not affect the overall demand or bring about collateral economic bad effects such as inflation. No increase or decrease of the value of the property ajdishe owns affects the rate of the tax.

Fourteen centuries ago, Islam approved different forms of taxes common at the time so far as they did andizhe violate values Islam cherished.

  COMPETITION CAR AERODYNAMICS MCBEATH PDF

Fixed tax includes zakat fitrah and some cases of jezyah and kharaj. Canadian House of Wisdom. Tax on savings such as khoms; 4. They, however, leave impacts similar to those taxes do. Tax income from agricultural production is not cash. From the first point of view, they can be divided into the following four groups [26]: The rich get acquainted with hardship adnishe poor undergo and the poor come to personally know their fellow benefactors.

LOCATE FAMILY

Classical economies resort to progressive tax increase in order to achieve faster adjustment of income distribution. Islamic taxation covers a broader area of social needs compared to secular systems.

Regional rulers were forced to pay tribute [3]. The reason is that the progressive increase rate is mild due to provisions for tax exempts and tax reliefs. The word khoms literally means one fifth. Tax on utilization of natural resources such as khoms on mining, zakat on camel, cow, and sheep; 5. Naturally, they do not personally involve in the process of redistribution of wealth and do not directly experience the positive results of their financial contribution to the betterment of life of the lower class society.

Four different types of land can be distinguished.

IUST University – اندیشه 1 و 2

If one pays zakat or khoms without the intention to obey God, they are not clear from obligation. In secular systems, tax is first collected by government and deposited in the treasury then spent by the governmental bodies in proper expenditures legally determined. According to some Muslim authors, Islamic taxation is so defined: Khoms is a kind of proportional tax.

  MACERAZIONE CARBONICA PDF

It is the right of the Muslim government to level the tax on individuals or on their estates and production as the situation requires. Private owners were forced to pay tax. Jezyah [20] is the third kind of taxation. In some cases, the inhabitants of a region accepted Islamic call freely and willfully.

Legislation of tax laws must guarantee a fair distribution of wealth in society at the same time as it helps economic growth.

Political Islam and Popular Order in Post-Revolutionary Iran

This transfer harms social justice because it amounts to the consumers being the ultimate tax payer. The fundamental factor shaping the Islamic system of taxation is the quest for social justice and economic balance. As the result, the increase in total demand and supply in the entire economy as a whole reaches equilibrium at a higher level. Non-compulsory taxes are introduced by Islam to cope with these eslaji needs.

As a technical term of economics, it means an amount of money received from individuals or eslqmi persons by the state proportionate to their wealth, profit, income, or transactions [1]. Tax role and function must be premeditated.